How Soon After Sex Can You Get Pregnant?

There are a few factors which influence how soon after sex you can get pregnant. Read more to find out what they are.

By Alice Bassett
Joel Taylor
Edited by Joel Taylor

Published November 30, 2021.

Pregnancy does not happen immediately after you have sex, as various processes have to occur before that moment. If you haven't ovulated yet, sperm can survive in your body for up to five days. After that, there is fertilization that occurs, followed by implantation. All of these processes can lead to a bit of a wait.

Are You Pregnant From the Day You Conceive?

The moment that you conceive is not the same moment that you are considered pregnant. Conception refers to the moment that the sperm enters the egg. As to how long conception takes: it can be as short as a couple of minutes, or as long as five days.

After the egg is fertilized, it must undergo another process called implantation. The embryo will attach itself to the lining of the uterus. This process can occur up to a week after conception.

How Soon After Sex Do You Get Pregnant?

At the stage of implantation, you are considered officially pregnant. If you take into account the days before you may ovulate the entire process can take around two weeks, depending on the woman.

How Do You Know When Conception Happens?

Sperm are microscopically small, and as such you certainly won't feel that the sperm has entered the egg. There are other indicators to look out for, however.

  • Cramps or bleeding This is due to implantation occurring. The "burrowing" of the embryo can lead to bleeding, and cramps similarly to a period.
  • Mood swings The hormones in your body at this stage will cause your mood to fluctuate. Again, much like it does on your period.
  • Breast tenderness This is another result of fluctuating hormones.


It depends heavily on your body as to how soon you can get pregnant. Everybody is different, and the results will vary depending on how long ovulation, fertilization, and implantation take. Pregnancy tests are quite reliable, so if you are desperate to know if you are pregnant they are an easy solution.